The third part of any academic research subject is typically the research methodology portion, in most schools is usually the chapter three(research methodology). your ability for you to write a research methodology requires you to make a lot of qualitative and quantitative research, showing your
You will persuade your readers that your research is valuable and will contribute to your field of study by writing a paper. A good research methodology is based on your overall strategy – qualitative or quantitative – which accurately explains the techniques you used. Justify your decision to use certain approaches over others, and then clarify how they can help you address your research query.
Clarify your research question.
Begin your research methodology section by composing a list of the issues or questions you want to investigate.
If appropriate, include your theories or what you hope to prove through your study.
Include any underlying beliefs or assumptions you’re making or circumstances you’re taking for granted in your restatement. The research methods you choose will be influenced by these assumptions.
In general, list the variables you’ll be testing as well as any other conditions you’ll be monitoring or believing are equivalent.
Define the method by which you gathered or produced data.
This section of your methodology section tells your readers when and where your study was done, as well as what specific metrics were used to ensure the relative objectivity of your findings.
If you conducted a survey, for example, you would explain the survey’s questions, where and how it was conducted (in person, online, or over the phone), how many surveys were delivered, and how long the respondents had to complete it.
Use enough information in your analysis so that someone in your field can duplicate it, even if they don’t get the same results.
Determine the overall methodological strategy.
Either a qualitative or quantitative approach can be used in the overall strategy. You may also combine the two methods on occasion. Explain why you choose your strategy in a few sentences.
Using a quantitative methodology based on data collection and statistical analysis if you want to study and record observable social patterns or assess the effect of a specific policy on different variables.
Choose a more qualitative approach if you want to assess people’s opinions or perception of a specific topic.
Any references that influenced your methodology selection should be cited.
Discuss any other works you used to help you craft or apply your technique and how they contributed to your work, or how your work builds on theirs.
Assume you conducted a survey and based your questions on a couple of other research papers. You’d cite them as sources of information.
Describe how you choose the data collection parameters.
You probably set eligibility requirements if you’re collecting primary data. Declare those criteria explicitly and tell your readers why you chose them and why they’re important to your study.
Describe the study participants in detail, including any inclusion or exclusion criteria you used to create your group.
Justify the size of your sample, if necessary, and explain how this impacts whether or not your findings can be applied to larger populations. For instance, if you conducted a survey of 60% of a university’s student population, you might actually extend the findings to the entire student body as a whole.
Distinguish your research from any failures in your methodology.
Every research method has advantages and disadvantages. Discuss briefly the shortcomings or criticisms of the methods you’ve chosen, then explain how they are irrelevant or inapplicable to your specific research.
Reading other research papers is a good way to identify potential issues that may arise with different methods. Indicate whether you encountered any of these common issues during your research.
Determine how your research questions are answered by your study.
Refer your approach to your study concerns, and then present a proposed result based on your findings. Describe what your results will say about your research questions in concrete terms.
If your results have posed other concerns that might require more study as a result of answering your research questions, state them briefly.
You should also add any drawbacks to your methodology or unanswered questions from your study in this section.
Determine whether your findings can be transferred or generalized.
You may be able to apply your findings in different scenarios or generalize them to bigger populations.
Comparability can be challenging in social science research, especially when using a qualitative approach.
In quantitative research, generalization is more commonly used. If your sample is well-designed, you can empirically apply your findings to the larger population to which your conducted sample prove.
Consider other approaches you may have taken.
Include a discussion of other methods that are more commonly used for your form of study, particularly if you’re using a method that seems uncommon for your subject matter. Justify your decision not to use them.
In certain cases, this may be as simple as saying that although several studies were conducted using one method, none were conducted using your method, resulting in a gap in knowledge about the problem.
There may be several articles that include quantitative analysis of a specific social trend, for instance. However, none of these studies looked at how this pattern was impacting people’s lives.